How I Planned and Shot an Erupting Volcano with the Milky Way by Albert Dros

how-i-planned-and-shot-an-erupting-volcano-with-the-milky-way-by-albert-dros

Albert Dros has been a great friend to Lonely Speck over the last few years, sharing with us his experiences shooting landscape astrophotography around the world. We had the pleasure of meeting him in his native environment of the Netherlands when we traveled through Europe last spring. A few weeks ago, Albert messaged me about his plans to photograph the Milky Way behind an erupting volcano. In this article, Albert Dros recounts his personal experience planning and shooting the Fuego Volcano in Guatemala.

The Idea

Nature has lots to offer for landscape photographers. We love to shoot nature’s paintings. Storms, rainbows, tornadoes, lightning strikes: they’re all a gift from nature that we can play with as a landscape photographer. Volcanoes are one of them, too, especially when they’re erupting. I have been fascinated by volcanoes; they have been on my list to shoot for quite a while. My younger brother recently went to Guatemala for some backpacking and learning the Spanish language. When he sent me some photos of an erupting volcano, my photography senses were immediately triggered. The erupting volcano was called ‘Fuego’ (literally “Fire”). I managed to find webcams and activity on scopes and checked how active Fuego was. According to the history, the volcano has remained quite active, but you had to be lucky to see a lot of eruptions. Still, the idea of meeting up with my brother and shooting a volcano seemed like a good enough reason to go.

Fuego2

The Plan

When I decided I wanted to go to Guatemala to try and shoot the volcano, I started doing my research on how I wanted my shot to look. Erupting lava is best visible in evening and night, so I was obviously going for that. I researched other shots from this volcano. Most good shots were during a full moon so that you could see the scenery well, lit by the full moon in combination with the lava eruptions. I wanted to try something different. I have always been intrigued with planning and photographing the Milky Way at particular locations. How awesome would it be to shoot the erupting volcano with the Milky Way?

I checked from what angle I would be able to see the erupting volcano. The place from which I was going to be shooting was the (inactive) neighbour volcano Acatenango. It’s possible to hike up to the top of this Acatenango for a good view of the active Fuego. I planned the shot with the PhotoPills app, and to my excitement this shot was actually possible. In the last week of March, around 3 AM, the Milky Way galactic center would be in a good position right next to the volcano. By planning on PhotoPills and visualising the view in my head, I could see how the optimal shot would unfold.

photopills

I made my plan a few weeks before going to Guatemala, targeting the date of 30 March, 2017. Should the conditions change, the plan wouldn’t differ too much for the other days around my target date.

While I made my plan with a private Alpha version of PhotoPills for Android, PhotoPills has since released a public Beta for Android users.

What I Needed

So what did I need to get the shot?

1) The right date for the Milky Way to rise next to the Fuego volcano, as seen from the Acatenango volcano

2) A clear night free of cloud cover

3) Date close to new moon for good visibility of the stars

4) Most importantly: luck. I wanted lava eruptions at the right times of the evening

I figured it would be extremely difficult to get both the stars and the lava properly exposed in one exposure because of the huge contrast difference. To get the perfect balance of exposure, I thought I would have to shoot during late blue hour at sunset or early blue hour at sunrise. When planning a trick shot like this, there are a lot of factors I considered. I always like to plan everything that can be planned.

When I succeed in making a difficult landscape shot, people often say “wow, you were so lucky.” They’re often actually right. In the end you always need that extra bit of luck for everything to fall into place. But ultimately, I try to keep the chances as good as possible with careful planning. For example: checking scopes and webcams every day to ‘get to know’ the volcano and calling the weather station multiple times to improve my awareness of the chances of getting a successful shot.

seis

Graph from the seismic signal station showing the earthquake activity at the Fuego volcano daily per hour. I checked this every day leading up to my trip. Source: http://webcams.volcanodiscovery.com/Fuego

The Trip

A few weeks later, after a nearly 30 hour plane trip including transfers, I found myself in Antigua, Guatemala, a nice town close to the Fuego volcano. From the town, I could see the top of the Fuego blowing smoke with occasional rumbling.

Fuego1

Checking the seismograph activity online showed that, in the days during my travel to Guatemala, the volcano had been very active. We called the weather station multiple times that day to ask their thoughts on what day would be best to climb the adjacent Acatenango volcano in regards to both volcanic activity of Fuego and for clear skies. According to the station, the weather predictions for the next day looked good and it would be the best day to try our luck. I was originally planning on getting a day of rest in Antigua before climbing the volcano but I knew I had to move fast.

volcano scope

Log Radiative Power overview showing Fuego’s activity. As can be seen there was a lot of activity before the days I went shooting, giving me a high chance of success. In early March, the activity of the volcano was very low. The readings also showed some very high activity in early April, but I can’t complain. source: http://webcams.volcanodiscovery.com/Fuego

Gear

I knew the hike wasn’t going to be easy so I had to keep my gear relatively light while still maintaining great image quality. I also heard stories about bandits robbing tourists on the volcanoes in Guatemala and those stories worried me the most as I was bringing expensive gear. I chose to put my camera gear in a super worn out bag that didn’t look like a camera bag at all. I figured that with a relatively light and small kit, I wouldn’t stand out. I needed a tripod, but not one that would scream ‘I’m a photographer’ so I brought a small Mefoto travel tripod that I borrowed from my friends at Benro. It was small enough that it could fit in my backpack such that no one would see it. Here’s the final list of camera gear that I brought up to the volcano:

antibandit

The 10 dollar worn out bag in which I put my photography gear so that I wouldn’t be a prime target for bandits.

The Shoot

The next day, after a very tough steep hike, I found myself on the Acatenango volcano, arriving to the shooting location just before sunset. Unfortunately, it was very cloudy and I couldn’t even see the Fuego volcano next to me. However, the clouds were moving fast so I hoped it was going to clear up. It did.

When I finally saw Fuego erupt up close, combined with the power of its sound, I was paralysed with awe. It was amazing. It was one of the most impressive things I had ever seen in nature.

Unleash The Beast

An eruption when the sun was setting casting nice soft light on Fuego’s side. There were still some low clouds at that time that would later clear out. Sony a7RII, Sony 85mm f/1.8, f/8, 1/250s, ISO 100

My research paid off. All the elements I needed to create the shot that I wanted seemed to fall into place. It’s a great feeling when things go as planned. The real show started as it got darker: Fuego kept erupting and the glowing lava finally became visible. It was surreal. The sight of an erupting volcano is something I was only used to seeing in movies.

puffing

No spectacular eruptions during the transition to blue hour. Sony A7R2, Sony 85mm f/1.8, f/3.5, 4s, ISO 200

During the blue hour, the volcano unfortunately became calm for a while. Blue hour would have been perfect to shoot the eruptions as the contrast between the sky and the lava would not have been as large. I figured that it would be much more difficult to shoot during the dark hours of the night because of the increased contrast between the bright lava and the dark night sky.

observing

Another lucky guy enjoying the smoking volcano. Sony A7R2, Sony Zeiss 16-35 f/4, f/5.6, 1/15s, ISO 250

I was right. The pure darkness during the night made for difficult shooting conditions. The huge contrast between the bright lava and the darkness of the night made it extremely difficult to shoot everything in a single exposure. In this early shot, the lava is overexposed while the rest of the image is still very dark.

nighteruptions

Pure darkness during the night made for difficult shooting conditions because of high contrast. Sony a7RII, Sony 85mm f/1.8, f/2, 4s, ISO 3200

For good close up shots with the Milky May, I knew I had to wait for the early morning blue hour and hope for a good eruption. Only until then, the Milky Way would line up with the volcano. Early in the night, only the fainter parts of the Milky Way were visible off to the left of the volcano.

Even early in the night, the view was nothing short of spectacular. Seeing the Fuego erupt under thousands of stars was unbelievable. Below is a panoramic shot from the view in front of my tent. The volcano on the left is a sleeping volcano called Agua. Agua, water. Fuego, fire. In between these volcanoes are a few little towns. I was surprised to see that these towns did not cause that much light pollution the sky. Luckily, there was some kind of haze layer blocking some of the light pollution, allowing us to see a beautiful starry sky. I knew the best part of the Milky Way would arch across the valley in early morning, but I already found this view amazing.

Mi Fuego3

Early night panorama of the view from my tent, taken at around 9 PM. Sony A7RII, Samyang 14mm f/2.8, @ f/2.8, 25s, ISO 6400, panorama of multiple images.

I kept shooting for a while until I decided to get some sleep in my tent around 10 PM. While it was around 30°C (86°F) in Antigua during the day, at 3500 m (11,483 ft) it was below 0° Celsius (32°F). Even though I was prepared, it was still extremely cold. Furthermore, I didn’t get very much sleep as the volcano periodically kept erupting in loud explosions. I eventually woke up around 2 AM for more shooting. As planned, the Milky Way stretched over the valley to the left of Fuego.

Mi Fuego2

Panorama of the Fuego volcano with the Milky May stretching over the valley. Sony a7RII, Samyang 14mm f/2.8, wide open at f/2.8, 25s, ISO 4000, panorama of multiple images

Although all of this was amazing, I wouldn’t be me if I still wasn’t 100% satisfied. As I mentioned before, I really wanted a close up of the erupting volcano with the Milky Way. My best opportunity was that morning. I put my camera in position for the early blue hour when the Milky Way would still be visible. At that time, a very faint crescent moon had risen in the sky, giving me some extra light on the foreground. I set everything up and waited for the right moment. I just needed that right eruption. And then it happened.

Mi Fuego

Erupting Fuego and the Milky Way. Sony a7RII with Sony Zeiss 55mm f/1.8, at f/1.8, 10s, ISO 3200. Single exposure.

A captured a perfectly timed shutter with the Milky Way in place behind the fiery lava of the erupting Fuego volcano. When I first saw it on my camera screen, I couldn’t believe my eyes. The satisfaction that I got from succeeding in taking what seemed to be an almost impossible shot is hard to describe.

Having the shots I wanted for the night, I enjoyed the warmth of the rising sun not too long afterwards. I was already satisfied so I didn’t shoot too much more, deciding instead to enjoy the moment. After the sun was fully up, the Fuego treated us a final goodbye show with nonstop eruptions that caused the whole valley to be covered in smoke and ash.

morning eruptions

Morning eruptions causing the whole valley to be covered in smoke and ash. Sony a7RII, Sony Zeiss 16-35 f/4, f/9, 1/250s, ISO 100

I still feel that all of the images here still don’t do justice to the reality of my experience. Seeing a volcano erupt at night is one of the most beautiful things in nature I have ever seen.

Help Support Us!

We hope that you enjoyed this inspirational article by our guest contributor and great friend, Albert Dros. Check out more of Albert’s spectacular landscape photography and astrophotography on his website: AlbertDros.com and follow Albert’s worldwide travels and photography adventures on his Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and 500px. You can also help out Albert directly by purchasing gear through the links on this page.

We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and the B&H Affiliate Program, both are affiliate advertising programs designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and B&H affiliated sites. As the largest online retailers in the US, they both have an excellent return policy and they usually have the lowest prices for camera gear anywhere online. If you are considering buying any equipment, consider buying through the affiliate links on this page. You won’t pay anything extra but Albert Dros will receive a small commission (usually 2-4%).

Learn Astrophotography

Astrophotography 101, is a growing series of lessons on astrophotography. It’s completely free for everyone. All of the lessons are available on the Lonely Speck Astrophotography 101 page for you to access at any time. Enter your email and whenever we post a new lesson or blog post, you’ll receive it in your inbox. We won’t spam you and your email will stay secure. Furthermore, updates will be sent out only periodically, usually less than once per week.

Join 8 981 other subscribers.

Help us help you!

Believe it or not, Lonely Speck is a full-time job. It’s been an amazing experience for us to see a community develop around learning astrophotography and we’re so happy to be a small part of it. We have learned that amazing things happen when you ask for help so remember that we are always here for you. If you have any questions about photography or just want to share a story, contact us!

Thanks so much for being a part of our astrophotography adventure.

5 Responses

  1. Barbara Hayton May 6, 2017 / 2:50 pm

    Thanks to everyone involved in bringing this story to us. This has to be one of the most amazing Milky Way images I’ve ever seen. Albert Dros is a most talented photographer and adventurer. I will now follow him and be happy to help his adventures by buying any gear through his sites.

  2. Astrophotography Telescope May 2, 2017 / 8:12 am

    Wonderful work! Sincerly you picture deserve to be posted in the APOD. For some people a picture like that is simple, but in reality, and that’s what you explained, it need very preparation and planning.

  3. Camille April 12, 2017 / 1:55 am

    Wow these are very impressive shots, I personnally prefer the last panoramic one, where the Milky Way seems to break out from the volcano.

    Nice narrative too, it’s interesting to read how you managed to make everything work for you.

    As you said, luck has a part in it, but hard work is still more important !

    Congratulations 😉

  4. Andrew Dare April 11, 2017 / 5:07 pm

    Great story, & amazing pictures. Well done Albert & thanks to Ian for posting it here too.
    Nobody really knows how much effort goes into astro images, apart from other astro photographers.
    I live in Peru & also worry about my gear in Peru & Bolivia, so have a basic small North face backpack, but I dragged it about the concrete in the road when I got it, so it became an old looking bag pretty fast, yet still clean inside & fully working zips etc .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *